On the 20th birth anniversary of the World Wide Web, CERN, a European research organisation near Geneva, has announced to preserve some of the digital assets that are associated with the birth of the web.
The URL to the world’s first website – info.cern.ch – has already been restored, and now the organisation will look at the first web servers at CERN and see what assets from them can be preserved and shared. It will also sift through documentation and try to restore machine names and IP addresses to their original state.
On April 30 1993, CERN published a statement that made World Wide Web (“W3″, or simply “the web”) technology available on a royalty-free basis. By making the software required to run a web server freely available, along with a basic browser and a library of code, the web was allowed to flourish.
“When the first website was born, it was probably quite lonely. And with few people having access to browsers – or to web servers so that they could in turn publish their own content – it must have taken a visionary leap of faith at the time to see why it was so exciting. The early WWW team, led by Tim Berners-Lee at CERN, had such vision and belief. The fact that they called their technology the World Wide Web hints at the fact that they knew they had something special, something big,” said CERN in a blog post.
British physicist Tim Berners-Lee invented the web at CERN in 1989. The project, which Berners-Lee named “World Wide Web”, was originally conceived and developed to meet the demand for information sharing between physicists in universities and institutes around the world.
The first website at CERN – and in the world – was dedicated to the World Wide Web project itself and was hosted on Berners-Lee’s NeXT computer. The website described the basic features of the web; how to access other people’s documents and how to set up your own server. Although the NeXT machine – the original web server – is still at CERN, sadly the world’s first website is no longer online at its original address.
Source: IBN News
Microsoft Surface is the first commercially available surface computing platform from Microsoft Corporation.
It turns an ordinary tabletop into a vibrant, interactive surface. The product provides effortless interaction with digital content through natural gestures, touch and physical objects. In essence, it’s a surface that comes to life for exploring, learning, sharing, creating, buying and much more. In restaurants, hotels, retail and public entertainment venues, this experience will transform the way people shop, dine, entertain and live.
Microsoft Surface is a 30-inch display in a table-like form factor that’s easy for individuals or small groups to interact with in a way that feels familiar, just like in the real world. Microsoft Surface can simultaneously recognize dozens and dozens of movements such as touch and gestures and can recognize unique objects that have identification tags (similar to bar codes).
Microsoft also provides a portfolio of basic Microsoft Surface applications, including Concierge, Photos, and Music. You can customize these applications to provide customers with unique experiences.
Surface computing breaks down traditional barriers between people and technology, changing the way people interact with all kinds of everyday content, from photos to maps to menus. The intuitive user interface works without a traditional mouse or keyboard, allowing people to interact with content and information by using their hands and natural movements. Users are able to access information either on their own or collaboratively with their friends and families, unlike any experience available today. Surface computing features four key attributes:
The software giant made its presence felt for the past three decades, crafting ingenious software for computing, but this was the first tablet that it has ever built.
Here are the hardware specifications of the two tablets -
Surface for Windows RT
- OS: Windows RT
- Weight: 676g
- Depth: 9.3 mm
- Display: 10.6-inch ClearType HD Display
- Energized: 31.5 W-h
- Connectivity: microSD, USB 2.0, Micro HD Video, 2×2 MIMO antennae
- Productive: Office ‘15’ Apps, Touch Cover, Type Cover
- Practical: VaporMg Case and Stand
- Configurable: 32GB, 64GB
Surface for Windows 8 Pro
- OS: Windows 8 Pro
- Weight: 903g
- Depth: 13.5 mm
- Display: 10.6-inch ClearType Full HD Display
- Energized: 42 W-h
- Connected: microSDXC, USB 3.0, Mini DisplayPort Video, 2×2 MIMO antennae
- Productive: Touch Cover, Type Cover, Pen with Palm Block
- Practical: VaporMg Case and Stand
- Configurable: 64GB, 128GB
Microsoft was a late entrant into the mobile world that had just two powerful entities – Apple and Android. Microsoft’s initial smartphones didn’t get much love and the company had begun to lose ground in the mobile terrain. The company bounced back with the tiled Windows Phone UI, and then made the big announcement of Windows 8, which would offer seamless experience for various platforms, like smartphones, tablets and desktops.
The latest Opera 12 browser debuts today with new features.
Opera 12 introduces themes, allowing users to customize the look of their browser. Hundreds of themes are available for download at https://addons.opera.com/themes/
Opera 12 also allows applications to use a computer’s webcam. Photobooth, Polaroid and FaceKat web applications are fun to use and take advantage of the WebRTC spec to take pictures of you with a single click.
The latest Opera browser also makes it even easier to know how websites treat users’ data and personal information. Opera overhauled its security badge to make it easier to understand the security and privacy policies of the sites users visit. Users will quickly see if a site is using their location information or wants to turn on their webcam.
Numerous other tweaks, tricks and tucks include:
- Plug-ins run in their own process, so if they crash, Opera keeps singing.
- Giddy-up: Opera 12 receives a significant speed boost ? faster page loading, faster start up and faster HTML5 rendering ? over its predecessor. 64-bit support on Windows and Mac gives better performance on more advanced machines.
- Experimental hardware acceleration.
- Right-to-left text support and five new languages: Arabic, Persian, Hebrew, Urdu and Kazakh.
The Opera 12 now supports 60 languages in totality, and the company recommends its Speed Dial extensions to visit your favorite sites with a single click.
For a full guide to all the new features of the latest Opera browser, visit: http://www.opera.com/browser/features/
For developers, Opera 12 also gets a boost from improved handling of web standards, including improvements to CSS3 and HTML5 support.
We knew it was going to happen, right? Apple has ditched Google Maps for iOS, rolling its own in-house cartographic solution, including turn-by-turn navigation, which has never been as good on the fruit phone as it has on Android.
Apple has unveiled its own mapping program, challenging Google for the popular software application and opening up a new front in the war with the maker of the Android operating system.
Apple’s new iOS 6 operating system for the iPhone and iPad includes “an entire new mapping solution from the ground up, and it is beautiful,” Apple’s Scott Forstall told the Apple Worldwide Developers Conference in San Francisco on Monday.
“We are doing all the cartography ourselves. We are covering the world,” Forstall said.
Apple has “ingested hundreds of millions of business listings around the world,” he added, and has integrated with the consumer review service Yelp for reviews and ratings.
The Apple maps program included real-time traffic, updated with help from users “to keep traffic info fresh and up to date,” he added.
The move means Apple, which is in a battle against devices powered by Google’s Android operating system, will no longer rely on the Google program for its main maps application.
Apple has ditched Google and turned to GPS navigation stalwarts TomTom for its new mapping service.
The company said at its WWDC keynote announcement on Monday that it would remove Google Maps from its iOS devices when the next major update of its mobile operating system launches in the autumn.
But bloggers quickly noticed that in the software beta the turn-by-turn navigation company TomTom was listed as supplying its mapping data
Now TomTom has confirmed it is running the new service, via its TeleAtlas database.
The company told Engadget it “has signed a global agreement with Apple for maps and related information”, which will include GPS navigation and local search data.
The markets responded, and shares in TomTom jumped 12% in early trading.
However the announcement was not taken well by all on Twitter, some of whom pointed out a worrying deterioration in quality from Google’s service to the new TomTom maps.
As part of the Facebook integration, users can use Apple’s voice recognition tool Siri to update their Facebook status, schedule events from Facebook to their calendar and receive automatic updates of their friends’ activity.
They can also “like” content in the App store and check their friends’ recommendations.
Siri will also now be able to update Twitter, check sports scores and make restaurant reservations.
The new operating system will be available to iPhone, iPad and iPod touch users this autumn, when the next version of the iPhone is rumoured to launch.
An alliance of website operators, network operators and router manufacturers is ensuring that 6 June passes unnoticed by the majority of internet users in the world.
They have designated today World IPv6 Launch day. The campaign is designed to ensure the broadest uptake and permanent enablement by infrastructure providers of the 128-bit internet-layer protocol. If it is a success, then it will be largely invisible.
IPv6 allows vastly more IP addresses than 32-bit IPv4, which is running out of address space with the burgeoning number of internet-enabled mobile devices.
IPv6 offers a potential 340 trillion trillion trillion unique addresses against IPv4′s mere four billion, according to IPv6.org.
Akamai, Comcast, Google, Time Warner Cable, AT&T, D-Link, Cisco, Facebook, Microsoft Bing and Yahoo are among the participating companies.
Campaigners face an uphill battle, despite the obvious limitation of four billion IP addresses in a world of nearly seven billion people, about one third of whom are online, often with multiple devices.
To date, IPv6 deployment has been extremely slow and accounts for a tiny percentage of internet traffic. Today’s ‘launch’ (IPv6 was developed in 1990) is designed to provide an “acelerated timeline”, say organisers.
World IPv6 Launch day is not the first such event: World IPv6 Day passed almost unnoticed in 2011, leading the campaigners to add a ‘This time it’s for real’ tagline to the 2012 campaign.
The ‘real’ element comes in the form of targets for participants, namely that one per cent of ISPs’ residential wireline users visiting participating websites will do so via IPv6 by this month; particpating home router manufacturers will enable IPv6 by default across their product lines, and web companies in the alliance will enable IPv6 on their sites permanently.
Inevitably, the day has attracted its share of Millennium-Bug-style doom merchants who are keen to position their products and services. The underlying issue is rooted in fact, however: two distinct protocols means, in effect, two distinct networks, and that means bolting them together securely.
Despite the campaign, none of the participating websites appear to be displaying the campaign’s logos today, and as of this morning, 74.9 per cent of all the participating websites were reachable via IPv6 from the UK, according to the campaign’s measurement tool.
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- The world’s first website is now back
- Microsoft Surface or IPad
- Opera 12 debuts with new themes, customizations and security features
- Apple integrates Facebook and ditches Google Maps
- Today is World IPv6 Launch day, says alliance of providers
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